References

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  2. Emphysema. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/emphysema.html. Published May 17, 2018. Accessed June 25, 2018.
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  6. COPD: Challenging Symptoms, Stigma and Stereotypes Patient Survey Fact Sheet. http://www.emphysema.net/Survey_Fact_Sheet.htm. Accessed Oct. 4 2017.
  7. Granted breakthrough device status (formerly known as the Expedited Access Pathway, or EAP) on May 4, 2017, Summary of Safety and Effectiveness document for the Pulmonx Zephyr Valve system (https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/pdf18/P180002B.pdf).
  8. Mansfield C, Sutphin J, Shriner K, Criner GJ, Celli BR. Patient preferences for endobronchial valve treatment of severe emphysema. Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis, 2019; 6(1), 51.
  9. Kemp, SV, Slebos, DJ, Kirk, A, Kornaszewska, M, Carron, K, Ek, L. & Briault, A. A multicenter randomized controlled trial of Zephyr endobronchial valve treatment in heterogeneous emphysema (TRANSFORM). Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017; 196(12), 1535-1543.
  10. Valipour, A, Slebos, DJ, Herth, F, Darwiche, K, Wagner, M, Ficker, JH, & Eberhardt, R. Endobronchial valve therapy in patients with homogeneous emphysema. Results from the IMPACT study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016; 194(9), 1073-1082.
  11. Klooster, K, ten Hacken, NH, Hartman, JE, Kerstjens, HA, van Rikxoort, EM & Slebos, DJ. Endobronchial valves for emphysema without interlobar collateral ventilation. N Engl J Med 2015; 373(24), 2325-2335.
  12. Adapted from Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (GOLD) Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of COPD